Rss Feed
Tweeter button
Facebook button

Archives for December 11, 2016

Is that Yoda or a garden gnome? Original design of Jedi Master that was scrapped by Star Wars bosses is revealed …

  • Jedi Master Yoda made his debut in The Empire Strikes Back
  • But his original design was far from how he looked in 1980 film
  • With a snub nose, short ears, pale skin, he resembles a garden gnome

Sanchez Manning for The Mail on Sunday


With his green, wrinkled skin, pointed ears and distinctive way of speaking to impart his ancient wisdom in the Star Wars saga, Yoda is one of the most memorable film characters.

But the Jedi Master, who made his debut in The Empire Strikes Back, could have looked very different if the makers had followed the original design, which is revealed here for the first time.

The drawing, by art director Joe Johnston, is quite unrecognisable as the Yoda that eventually hit the screens. With a snub nose, short ears, pale skin and more human features, he resembles a garden gnome.

The drawing, by art director Joe Johnston, is quite unrecognisable

The drawing, by art director Joe Johnston, is quite unrecognisable

It was a vision that was completely overhauled by Star Wars mogul George Lucas and other executives.

The final character was operated by puppeteer Frank Oz, who had found success on The Muppets, in the 1980 sequel to the original Star Wars film.

The 900-year-old Yoda tutors hero Luke Skywalker in the ways of the supernatural powers known as the ‘Force’, and has an idiosyncratic way with language.

In the third film, Return Of The Jedi, he declares: ‘When nine hundred years old you reach, look as good you will not.’

With his green, wrinkled skin, pointed ears and distinctive way of speaking to impart his ancient wisdom in the Star Wars saga, Yoda is one of the most memorable film characters

Johnston’s watercolour is on display at the exhibition Star Wars Identities at London’s O2. About 200 props, costumes and models are also on show.

A spokesman for the exhibition said: ‘In the early story development of Yoda, the initial descriptions varied from a large alien to a tiny one.

‘Once the design was settled, Yoda was realised by make-up and creatures supervisor Stuart Freeborn, who designed the alien as an intricately detailed puppet.’ 

Comments (0)

Share what you think

No comments have so far been submitted. Why not be the first to send us your thoughts,
or debate this issue live on our message boards.

Who is this week’s top commenter?
Find out now

Article source:

andrew kudless sculpts luminous ‘strand garden’ for perrier-jouët at design miami/

andrew kudless sculpts luminous 'strand garden' for perrier-jout at design miami/andrew kudless sculpts luminous 'strand garden' for perrier-jout at design miami/


at design miami/ 2016, perrier-jouët continues its ongoing creative collaborations through an artistic partnership with san francisco-based designer andrew kudless. ‘strand garden’ melds kudless’ research and development in digital craftsmanship with perrier-jouët’s historic ties to the art nouveau era. the installation comprises three screens of curving, tree trunk-like forms that delineate an intimate central space. each strand is illuminated from within by light that subtly changes in intensity and filters through the semi-translucent panels.

perrier-jouet design miami
‘strand garden’ melds digital craftsmanship with motifs from the art nouveau period
image courtesy of perrier-jouët



within the inner garden, visitors find a host of kudless’ other design creations that investigate the champagne-making process, as well as the signature materials involved in its making. interlocking benches are treated with robotically-milled oak tops that refer to perrier-jouët’s riddling racks and wine presses. their concrete legs have been treated to mimic the chalk that shelters the maison’s cellars and nourishes its vines. a clear bioplastic glowing table at the center of the space evokes the clarity and vibrant bubbles of perrier-jouët’s wines.

perrier-jouet design miami
perrier-jouët continues its ongoing creative collaborations at design miami/ 2016
image courtesy of perrier-jouët



on this table sits ‘marc metamorphosis’, an ice bucket designed by kudless that furthers the installation’s overall relationship to champagne. kudless 3D printed ground chardonnay skins to create the centerpiece, whose rippled petal form aesthetically mimics the wrinkled skin of a raisin. ‘I was interested in the way that strands, fibers, branches and vines were applied across every aspect of art nouveau, from paintings to architecture,’ kudless describes. ‘the curving strand motif evokes nature and movement over time.’

perrier-jouet design miami
each strand is illuminated from within by light that subtly changes in intensity
image © designboom

perrier-jouet design miami
the installation artistically illustrates perrier-jouët’s philosophy of champagne-making
image courtesy of perrier-jouët

perrier-jouet design miami
light filters through each of the semi-translucent, digitally fabricated panels
image © designboom

perrier-jouet design miami
a garden of organically shaped ‘vines’ leads visitors to an intimate interior space
image © designboom

perrier-jouet design miami
the materials used explore the champagne-making process 
image © designboom

interlocking sheets create a grove of curving forms within design miami/
image © designboom

interlocking benches are treated with robotically-milled oak tops
image courtesy of perrier-jouët

kudless has 3D printed ground chardonnay skins to create an ice bucket centerpiece
image courtesy of perrier-jouët


perrier-jouët and andrew kudless at design miami/ 2016
video courtesy of perrier-jouët



project info:


design: andrew kudless
programming: clayton muhleman
concrete: concreteworks
3D printing: emerging objects
screen assembly: sitou akolly, marianna munguia-chang, mengjie (tina) shen, xiaoxue (amy) guo, sam villasenor, armughan faruqi, taylor metcalf
prototyping: anh vu, ania burlinska
carpentry: ania burlinska, james seckelman, emery cohen



Article source:

Landscape design for the do-it-yourselfer

 Courtesy Photo | Universal Uclick

Plan views are scale drawings  that allow you to see how a landscape design will fit into the available space. Here, the plan shows plenty of room for six chairs around the generous fire pit.

Designing your own garden is half the fun, whether you do it all at once or a bit at a time. But you don’t have to do it alone: help, advice and good ideas are as close as your smartphone, where you can find garden design apps and other online gardening tools.

Garden designers often use sophisticated software to design and present their ideas. The computer-assisted design programs they rely on are made for professionals, and they’re tricky to master — and frustrating, especially if you’re just going to be a one-time user. Apps and online tools, on the other hand, have been developed to help you work comfortably with the fundamentals of design so you can transform your property into a garden you can be proud of.

“You’re not ready to pick up a shovel until you have a plan,” says Jennifer Silver, communications manager for Julie Moir Messervy Design Studio in Vermont. Four years ago, Messervy’s six-person garden-design firm introduced a design app called Palette, now renamed Home Outside (which is the also the title of one of Messervy’s most popular books). The app, which is free, puts professional design tools in your hands, but you don’t have to be a pro to use them.

Home Outside enables you to make an overall garden plan for your property. Even if you’re only thinking of installing a patio in the backyard, drawing up a master plan is a good idea, Silver says. It helps establish flow, so the whole garden — from the curb to the back fence — will be more graceful, coherent and accommodating. A full-garden plan also helps you avoid expensive mistakes, she says, because it forces you to look at each part of your yard and think about the way the spaces work and feel and relate to one another.

With Home Outside, users can simply import a Google Earth image of their property, which neatly solves the challenge of measuring and mapping existing features. This image is the essential first layer of the landscape design. From there, the app guides you through the process of adding more layers or overlays — paths, walls, flower beds, water features and plants. You can even add labels and notes, make a list of materials or sources, or jot down the names of specific plants you’re interested in. If you decide you need professional advice (for a fee, of course), you can use the app to contact and collaborate with garden designers in Messervy’s office.

Free is hard to beat. Another design app, Garden Planner, which costs $34 (though a free 15-day trial is available), lets you sketch the layout of your property and drag icons representing walls, paths, trees, shrubs and flowers around the space and reshape them. Putting a plan together like this feels like playing, which encourages experimentation.

HGTV also offers landscape design software ($80) that includes a Deck Wizard feature to help gardeners design decks and patios. You start with a plan view or by importing digital images of your property, then use a simple drag-and-drop process to add paths, fences, flower beds and other features. The software allows your design to be viewed both as a plan and as if you were standing looking at the garden (in elevation). It shows how the landscape changes through the seasons and even projects how trees and shrubs will grow from garden-shop size to maturity. A built-in plant encyclopedia will help you choose the best plants for your climate. For first-time designers, the options may appear almost overwhelming.

Garden design is a complex process, and it really starts with taking stock of your property, making lists of priorities and possibilities, and trying to imagine a garden where there is nothing at present. Designer-based apps and software help you do all these things and keep you from going down a lot of dead ends.

It will be helpful to listen to the thoughts and comments of experienced designers, which you can do from any spot with a Wi-Fi connection. YouTube, the champion of do-it-yourself projects, is a great source of short garden design videos. Houzz, an online design resource, presents hundreds of thousands of garden images — a deep well of ideas — with links to designer websites where you can find videos, workbooks, galleries of projects and, in general, lots of inspiration.

Looking at pictures, watching videos and moving garden features around on a template on the screen of your phone, computer or tablet may not seem like hands-in-the-dirt gardening, but the point of a design is that you’re interested in the overall effect, not just the beauty of individual flowers scattered around your yard. It’s hard to design a good garden until you explore the territory. Dig in online first, and you’ll be sowing the seeds for a successful garden plan.



Share this news…
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on LinkedInEmail this to someonePrint this pageThe following two tabs change content below.

Article source:

Designers submit visions for 2017 Mansion in May at Alnwick Hall

This fall, more than 270 interior designers and 30 landscape designers from across the New Jersey-New York metropolitan area toured the stately rooms and outdoor grounds of Morris Township’s early 20th century Alnwick Hall, often referred to as “The Abbey” and the site of the 2017 Mansion in May Designer Showhouse and Gardens.

The designers then submitted their visions and plans to transform Alnwick Hall into the showpiece of the Women’s Association for Morristown Medical Center fundraiser. Proceeds from the event will be used to establish the Center for Nursing Innovation and Research at Morristown Medical Center. The center will provide an opportunity for nurses to meet, exchange ideas and design solutions to existing or emerging health concerns, organizers said.

The women’s association will announce the selected designers later this month.

Alnwick Hall, located at 355 Madison Ave. and Canfield Road in Morris Township, is a 20,000-square-foot brick mansion built between 1903-1904. Designed by renowned architect Percy Griffin, it sits in the heart of Morris Township and is a now rare and largely unaltered survivor of “Millionaire’s Row,” the stretch of Madison Avenue between Morristown and Madison that, during the area’s Gilded Age, was lined by large grand estate homes.

“The Abbey’s interesting architectural spaces, exquisite stained glass windows by noted artist Otto Heinigke, elegant ceilings and woodwork have inspired a tremendous amount of artistic vision by this year’s interior designers,” said Megan Cassie Schubiger, co-chair of the Mansion in May fundraiser. “Also, the urban environment of the mansion provides its own personality, featuring both small and large plots for distinctive outdoor spaces. Many of the landscaping ideas will be creative models for both rural and city settings.”

Mansion in May 2017 at Alnwick Hall – The Abbey will be open to the public throughout May 2017 and will be available for private tours and events. Ticket sales will be online and at select local retail locations in early 2017.

For more information or to become a sponsor, visit

Article source:

9 plants to brighten up your winter landscape

Talking about gardening in winter can seem kind of odd to Michiganders, but believe it or not, there are some beautiful, low-maintenance plants that do well in cold temperatures and can add some life to a dreary garden.

Flowering quince (Chaenomeles speciosa)

Flowering quince is a perfect choice for any homeowner, even those with a black thumb. This plant is virtually indestructible and can tolerate extreme climates and neglect. It can also stretch up to 8 feet wide, makes great natural fencing, and puts on a big show of blossoms in winter.

Snowdrop (Galanthus elwesii)

The snowdrop may be the perfect choice for Midwest homeowners because it does not like warm winters. This plant is typically grown in regions with cold to moderate winters, and the best time to plant them is early fall. Snowdrops are “pest free” plants, noting that rabbits and deer won’t eat them and neither will most chipmunks and mice.

Boxwood (Buxus)

Evergreen boxwoods can add some great texture to your landscaping and are relatively easy to grow and shape. Although they typically can withstand a colder climate, these plants do need the right care to make it through a harsh winter.

Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)

This time of year there are few plants more recognizable than holly. Winterberry – a deciduous version of holly – is a dazzling addition to your winter garden. Remember to plant these in spring or fall to ensure a colorful winter display.

Witch hazel (Hamamelis)

Witch hazel is another colorful winter option that should be planted in the fall. This plant is fragrant in summer and puts out red-and-yellow flowers. Be sure to locate the perfect space for this sizable plant as it can grow up to 15 feet tall and possibly just as wide.

Camellia (japonica)

What a sight to see rose-like blossoms in your garden in mid-January! This may be possible with the camellia, but check with a local greenhouse to select varieties that are winter-blooming.

Christmas rose (Helleborus niger)

The Christmas rose loves winter and blossoms from late December through early spring. Plant this beauty in shady spots along your walkway, adding that it will bloom on stout stems that rise above modest snowfalls.

Sweet box (Sarcococca hookeriana)

Missing a bit of green in the dreary winter? The sweet box plant may be your answer. This plant is a member of the boxwood family that has thick evergreen leaves and fragrant, small white blossoms that appear in late winter.

Mock rush (Pennisetum glaucum)

The mock rush is a tough ornamental grass that can add a lot of visual interest and texture to your yard. Plant this annual in early spring, and use the seeds to start next year’s crop.

Visit the Greater Lansing Association of REALTORS® Facebook and Pinterest page for more gardening and home improvement home ideas.

Article source:

Consider these gifts for gardening friends

We’re now officially in the Christmas season, and holiday shopping is in full swing. So, instead of an ugly sweater or a pair of reindeer socks, consider gifts that the special gardeners in your life could use in their landscape and garden.

So, here are what I consider some nice gifts for the gardener.


If you have a gardening friend who likes to read on those winter days that aren’t suitable for working outside, then a book is in order. There are lots of gardening and landscaping book choices, but one of the most fun gardening books I’ve read is “The $64 Tomato: How One Man Nearly Lost His Sanity, Spent a Fortune, and Endured an Existential Crisis in the Quest for the Perfect Garden.” That’s quite a long title, but, in my opinion, it sums up the adventures and misadventures many of us have experienced seeking garden perfection.

Share the harvest

One of the most fun gifts I give is sharing the harvest from my home vegetable garden. My wife and I share the harvest bounty all summer, but it gets a little harder during the holiday season. There are not many people I know who would be thrilled opening a Christmas gift package containing a bunch of kale or Swiss chard — kind of like getting that gift of Underroos. But what about homegrown and ground spices?

This year for gifting, I grew my own paprika peppers and dehydrated and put them through my spice grinder. My paprika looks and tastes just like the stuff in the little jars at the grocery. And it is far fresher than the store-bought product. I also grew and ground gorgeous Dinosaur kale and Big Jim New Mexico and jalapeño peppers. Someone is going to be doing a culinary happy dance on Christmas morning.

Gardening tools

If you want to encourage your gardening friend to grow you some delicious fruits and vegetables, gifting them a quality garden tool is a good idea. I’m not much of an in-ground gardener, but a tool I have to make easy work in that vegetable bed is my Rogue Hoe.

You may be thinking that giving someone a hoe is not much of a gardening gift, but you are so wrong. Rogue Hoes are made from recycled agricultural tempered-steel disc blades. This means they will keep a sharp edge and make any garden chore so much easier. There are lots of styles, with long handles and smaller hand models. I have several of each.

Last resort

Now what to do when you really get stuck and can’t decide on the perfect gift? Almost every garden center I know offers gift certificates. While this may seem like taking the easy way out, it actually allows the gifted garden the opportunity to get exactly what he or she needs.

With a little thought, you can rest assured your favorite gardener won’t be regifting anything next year.

Gary Bachman is a professor of horticulture at the Coastal Research and Extension Center in Biloxi.

Article source:

RM greenhouse reignites interest in plants

Greenhouses have been rapidly sprouting up in places worldwide, especially in the United States. From urban hubs to rural areas of America, more and more people have realized the benefits of greenhouses for letting plants thrive without being exposed to the unpredictable elements of Mother Nature. Greenhouses at Montgomery County’s high schools, including the one at Richard Montgomery, have been a great way to get students involved in growing and taking care of plants everyday.

When the new building of Richard Montgomery High School was constructed, a greenhouse was built for the first time in the school’s history. It was specifically designed for the horticulture course that is offered at high schools across the county. In the course, students learn to cultivate and care for plant gardens. The plants can be grown year round in a greenhouse, but we use our greenhouse for horticulture and it is only taught second semester.

At the glass greenhouse in room 362, horticulture students grow a plethora of different vegetation. A variety of flowering plants, including black-eyed susans, marigolds, petunias, and impatiens are grown. Produce such as lettuce, tomatoes, green peppers, cucumbers, and herbs including parsley, basil, lavender, and rosemary are also grown at the facility.

Students all over the nation have used greenhouse-grown produce and herbs to feed their schools. This has been known as the “farm-to-tray movement.” It is a simple way to help combat childhood obesity and increase the number of nutritious foods on school menus.

There is great appeal of such a program making its way into Richard Montgomery. However, Laura Denion, the only Horticulture teacher at the school, said, “The produce grown will only belong to students enrolled in the horticulture class. At the end of every school year, horticulture students have the opportunity to take home their plants.” If students choose not to take their plants home, those plants (given that they are in good health and condition) are sold at the horticulture Plant Sale organized by Mrs. Denion. The funds generated go to the horticulture department’s budget.

Mrs. Denion believes there are numerous benefits of greenhouses compared to growing plants in outdoor spaces. “A greenhouse is able to provide plentiful sunlight to plants, unless there is a dreary, cloudy period of weather, with a controlled temperature,” said Mrs. Denion. The plants at RM’s greenhouse are placed on tables that are designed to capture as much sunlight as possible.

Greenhouses can also help address the downsides that come with unfavorable growing conditions in certain places. Maryland’s growing season is shorter compared to states with more tropical environments, so plants can be grown for a longer time in greenhouses. Greenhouses can also monitor and regulate humidity levels, fertilizer application, and irrigation based on the ideal growing conditions of the plants.

Although RM’s greenhouse has a unique triangular shape, its functionality is still the same as regular greenhouses and does not impact the light, since a normal greenhouse would still have windows on exposed sides.

Mrs. Denion jumped at the opportunity of becoming the first horticulture teacher at RM, because she has always been interested in growing plants. “A greenhouse is as close to being outdoors that you can get, but are still within the confines of the building,” she said. “I love when students show an interest of learning about plants and growing them too!”

Mrs. Denion notes that gardening and landscaping are two hobbies that are thriving because of widespread interest in growing fresh produce and beautifying the exteriors of homes. “Everyone should be able to grow their own vegetables and flowers in their own gardens,” she added. Expanding the number of greenhouses like the one at RM can result in many positive benefits for planet Earth.

Article source:

Anthony Tyznik, landscape architect at Morton Arboretum, dies at 91

Anthony Tyznik was the landscape architect at the Morton Arboretum in Lisle for four decades, and he also designed landscapes for many homeowners and institutions.

Retired Amoco chairman and CEO H. Laurance Fuller hired Tyznik to perform landscape architecture for a house in Wheaton that Fuller had built in the early 1990s.

“Somehow he put together a hand-drawn piece of paper of all the plants for our place, in the mode of (famed British horticulturist) Gertrude Jekyll. It was unbelievable — the piece of paper is probably 6 feet long by 3 feet wide and is beautifully done; it’s almost a work of art,” Fuller said.

Tyznik, 91, died of natural causes Nov. 19 at his home, said his son, David. Tyznik, a longtime Batavia resident, had battled congestive heart failure for the past two years, his son said.

Lifescape Associates’ $250000 landscaping project at Polo Club home wins grand prize


Hermann Hesse, the Nobel-prize winning author, called trees “the most penetrating of preachers.” When the owners of property in Denver’s Polo Club neighborhood scraped an existing house to build their dream home, the trees on the lot dictated the design.

Architect Don Ruggles of Ruggles Mabe Studio, in Uptown, sited the Santa Barbara-inspired house to accommodate mature trees.

And the designers at Denver-based Lifescape Associates rose to the challenge of saving 50-feet-tall spruces and an even larger old elm while delivering the landscape their clients wanted. The project was completed in 2014; Lifescape recently won a 2016 National Grand Prize from the National Association of Landscape Professionals for their design.

“This is a stately old neighborhood, and part of keeping its history alive is keeping these trees alive,” said Troy Shimp, a senior designer for Lifescape. “We painstakingly took care of these big trees to help them survive.”

Mature trees support aesthetic and environmental interests and also increase property value. On this site, spruces provide privacy. The elm adds a living canopy to a courtyard. And, as Shimp noted, trees offer wildlife habitat.

To save the trees, Lifescape Associates carefully assessed and protected root systems. The firm engineered a permeable, heated-paver driveway that allows for air and water circulation for tree roots. Large dry wells were added to protect the flat lot in the event of a 100-year flood. They installed curvilinear paths and square-cut flagstones set into checkerboard walkways in the lawn. Their understated, textural gardens of boxwoods, yews, white roses bushes and hostas accent classical architecture.

As for the interior, “These clients had a sense of humor and a sense of style,” said interior designer Eric Mandil of Denver’s Mandil, Inc. “They allowed us to make some eccentric statements.”

“We wanted this house to feel like a renovation rather than a new build. Our goal was to make this feel like one of the original houses in the Polo Club of the Thirties and Forties,” Mandil said. “Everything has a patina of an older era.”

Built by Montare Builders, the residence’s style draws from Tuscany and Santa Barbara, yet also feels grounded in the Mile High City.

“Denver has its own authentic vibe, environment and history. We celebrate that. There should be a legacy,” Mandil said.

Local color comes from historic columns purchased from an architectural salvage shop: “We reconstituted the capitals from a [Jules] Jacques [Benois] Benedict’s bank building. We used them in the design and made them into table bases on the patio and in the garden. We’re curating and for all perpetuity saving this architecture and reincorporating it,” he said.

Additional architectural details prevent the new construction from cookie-cutter predictability.

“The carved stone arches with their own patterns: it’s like jewelry on the house. That detail normally gets cut due to expense,” Mandil said.

The exterior’s gold and buff limestone with a red tile roof sets the textural and color palettes for landscaping details. The design team selected antique pots and other time-worn appointments that lend a lived-in quality to outdoor spaces.

“It’s not intimidating or pulled too tight,” Mandil said. “We balanced masculine and feminine.”

An outdoor fireplace adds the element of fire. Water is introduced from a handsome wall fountain rimmed with repurposed tiles salvaged from a 1930s Florida estate.

“The inner courtyard fountain can be seen out of every window on the side of home,” Shimp said.

Sight lines from interior to exterior are important for the homeowners, who don’t actually spend a lot of time outdoors.

“We zippered the inside and outside together so it’s visually stimulating. It looks a little like Paris when you look out at the antique faux bois furniture,” Mandil said. “These are romantic pockets. Even if you’re not in the space you can imagine yourself in it — like mini stage sets.”

Takeaways for all

The price tag for Lifescape’s Polo Club Villa landscaping: approximately $250,000. Though many homeowners won’t invest a quarter million in their landscape, the project offers valuable tips applicable to any price point.

  • To add instant patina and character, shop for antique elements of design: gates, columns, garden furniture and planters.
  • To conserve mature trees, avoid adding non-permeable concrete surfaces that prevent air and water from reaching roots.
  • To keep a structure grounded during winter, plant plenty of evergreens.
  • To unify interior and exterior designs, create inviting outdoor vignettes visible from indoors.
  • To create synergy when working with professionals such as an architect, an interior decorator and a landscape designer, convene the team as early as possible to solidify a single vision and avoid piecing together disparate ideas later.

Article source:

Things to do in the garden this week: Tips on pruning with a saw

:: When pruning large branches of trees and shrubs with a saw, make a cut on the underside first, to prevent bark tearing back as the branch comes away

:: Protect the tops of celery with cloches or cover them with straw

:: If a new flush of growth starts to appear on Christmas cherries – Solanum capsicastrum – and threatens to hide the colourful fruits, pinch it out

:: Remove any debris which may have lodged between newly-planted spring bedding and remove weeds

:: Order lettuce seed, so you can make early sowings in frames during January

:: Protect early peas and beans sown in autumn from the protection of a little soil drawn up around them to make a windbreak

:: Erect a screen to protect newly planted evergreens from wind scorch

:: Prune deciduous shrubs and trees if any fairly large-scale work is necessary

:: Reduce the length of the stems on any tall rose bushes to decrease the risk of them being moved in the ground by the wind

:: Prune out the areas of apple trees infected with apple canker. Look for signs of canker rings on the bark, which cause dieback and cut back to healthy growth


THIS evergreen shrub is another Christmas must-have, its bright berries adding festive cheer to a plethora of indoor decorations. But it is also a valuable shrub in the garden and you can get unusual and more decorative varieties including variegated types with gold or silver-splashed green foliage, as well as types with yellow, orange or black berries.

Nearly all types are male or female, so you’ll need one of each to ensure berries unless you have neighbours who also grow holly in close proximity in their garden. The most popular type, Ilex aquifolium, is an upright shrub with 5-10cm long leaves. The male variety ‘Golden Queen’ offers green leaves with gold splashes, while the female ‘Argentea Marginata’ has white-edged leaves. Holly will thrive in any reasonable garden soil in full sun or partial shade. If you are growing holly as a hedge, trim it in spring.

Article source: