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Archives for April 18, 2014

Tom Karwin, On Gardening: Renovating a garden requires careful planning

Gardeners might look at their gardens with a mix of disappointment, a desire for a delightful display and despair.

The gardener might have recently acquired the garden from someone who neglected it, or neglected it his/herself. (Life can dissuade even the most ambitious gardener.)

Renovating a garden can be a formidable challenge, leaving the gardener baffled and frustrated.

Such situations call for a plan. Here are suggestions for the early stages of a process to take control, build confidence and produce evidence of progress. These initial steps create a foundation for actual landscaping; hands-on work happens a little later.

Draw a diagram of the property

A scale drawing of the entire property supports the design and installation phases of the renovation. Show the improvements: house, garage, driveway, walkway, pond, walls, outbuildings, etc. Show large trees and other significant plants that definitely will remain in place, but omit all candidates for removal.

Indicate which direction is north, to aid in planning for sun exposure.

Indicate major changes in elevation with contour lines that trace equal elevations, or with a separate drawing of a side view of a slice through the property. Visit for an example of a garden elevation change diagram.

This diagram (or “base map”) might be drawn on graph paper to ease measurements, and should be rendered in black ink to enable clear photocopies. Make several photocopies for sketching design ideas.

Decide on basic design concepts

Write down your intentions to, for example, commit to organic gardening, establish a drought-tolerant landscape, adopt one or more thematic approaches to plant selection, or establish a wildlife-friendly environment. This exercise helps provide direction to planning the renovation, but it can be revised during the project.

Establish objectives for the finished landscape

Envision how you will use the landscape: outdoors living, with parties, barbecues, etc.; recreation for children or adults; growing fruits and vegetables; or simply enjoying horticultural displays. Write it down.

Set priorities for development

Break the renovation project into steps that are manageable in terms of time and money. Begin by visualizing the overall design of the landscape, emphasizing the hardscape elements: pathways, planting-bed borders, stairways or walls (if there are important elevation changes), outbuildings, etc.

Subsequent priorities could focus on either specific zones within the landscape, or desired features.

These early actions will contribute greatly to the larger goals of taking control, building confidence and demonstrating progress. Selecting and installing plants happens after investing in these preparations.

Tom Karwin is a UC Master Gardener and vice president of the Friends of the UC Santa Cruz Arboretum. He gardens in Santa Cruz. Send feedback to Visit for more on garden renovation.

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A near-finished plan for the radical makeover of Public Square needs cash to …

CLEVELAND, Ohio – Cleveland will soon have a completed set of construction drawings for a radical, $30 million makeover of Public Square, the city’s historic but gray and tired-looking downtown center.

What it needs now is the civic will – and the cash – to get the project done quickly, with construction starting this fall.

So says the city’s Group Plan Commission, the civic body appointed by Mayor Frank Jackson in 2010 to enhance public spaces around the city’s new casino, convention center and Global Center for Health Innovation.

Leaders of the commission, which released the newest and most refined version of their plans exclusively to The Plain Dealer, are trying to create a sense of urgency so the project doesn’t languish the way other recent efforts to improve the city’s public spaces have.

Urgency is needed because, although leaders of the commission say negotiations with potential funders are going well, they haven’t yet identified specific donations or pledges.

“We believe in the coming months we’re going to be able to announce, on a scheduled basis, more details on our financing to achieve the goal” of a fall groundbreaking, said lawyer Anthony Coyne, chairman of the Group Plan Commission and the city’s Planning Commission.

The pitch from Coyne and other supporters is that work needs to start on the square this fall to boost the city’s burgeoning downtown revival – and also to help attract a national political convention in 2016.

Because the project will take 18 months to build, it can’t be finished by the presidential election year unless construction starts within months.

“We think there’s a sense of urgency that comes with a deadline,” said Jeremy Paris, the newly appointed executive director of the commission. “We’ve looked at the potential of holding conventions in 2016, and that’s our deadline.”

The project, designed by the leading American landscape architect James Corner, calls for routing automobile traffic counterclockwise around the square, and removing the two blocks of Ontario Street that run north-south through it.

Superior Avenue, which runs east-west, would be narrowed in the square from 77 to 44 feet and would remain open to buses, but it could be closed on a regular basis to unify the square for concerts, performances, farmers markets and other events.

Features of the plan include a cafe, a “splash zone” and a speaker’s terrace south of Superior Avenue, along with a broad lawn for movies and concerts to the north.

A meandering, ribbon-like path would trace the park’s perimeter, unifying the big central spaces with more intimate garden and seating areas in the corners.

Amenities would include streamlined and gracefully curved concrete benches and seating walls, granite cobblestones arrayed in a scalloped pattern, and sleek, contemporary-style lighting.

In the winter, a temporary skating rink could be installed.

Beloved bronze statues of city founder Moses Cleaveland and progressive Mayor Tom Johnson will be positioned on the centers of the north and south edges of the park.

The towering 1894 Soldiers and Sailors Monument dedicated to veterans of the Civil War would be surrounded with new paving and lighting aimed at making it look more accessible and integrated in the square.

The idea, overall, is to unify a public space now carved into quadrants of greenery and monuments that are marooned by the flow of traffic and surrounded by hard surfaces.

The project would remove 50,000 square feet of pavement, and increase green space inside the 5.5-acre heart of the square by 40 percent. The new landscaping would feature 300 trees, 50 more than the square currently has.

“The big picture is that we’re trying make a place that is recognized and loved as the new heart and the new civic center for Cleveland,” Corner said Wednesday in a telephone interview, speaking from his office in New York.

The proposed revision of the square, initiated originally by the Downtown Cleveland Alliance in 2009, would be the first revamp since new gardens and landscaping were installed in the 1980s.

The project is also part of a global movement among cities that view parks and public spaces as essential tools to attract new residents and to boost their economies.

Corner, who co-designed New York’s wildly popular High Line park, a greenway set atop a disused elevated rail line on Manhattan’s lower West Side, is a major contributor to the trend.

“We’ve been seeing this in Seattle; Chicago; Santa Monica, [Calif.]; Memphis, [Tenn.]; and New York,” he said. “All these cities are making big investments in the public realm, and they’re doing it in an effort to try to make their cities distinctive from other cities. They’re competing for residents, businesses, conventioneers, tourists.”

Corner’s design for Public Square will be ready for additional public review by May or June, said Ann Zoller, executive director of LAND Studio, the nonprofit Cleveland organization carrying out much of the Group Plan Commission’s work.

The drawings would then be presented to the city’s Planning Commission and the downtown-area Design Review Committee this summer, and would be ready for bids soon thereafter.

What happens next depends on whether Coyne, Paris and members of the commission can raise $30 million over the next five or six months.

The commission estimates that it will need $60 million in all for three major projects, including the Public Square makeover, enhancements to the downtown Mall and construction of a pedestrian bridge from the north end of the Mall across railroad tracks and the Shoreway to North Coast Harbor and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum.

As part of the total, the commission wants to set aside $7 million to $10 million to create a reserve fund for long-term maintenance of Public Square, the Mall and the pedestrian bridge.

Annual withdrawals from the fund would be added to existing funds dedicated to maintenance of Public Square and the Mall, Zoller said.

So far, the city and Cuyahoga County have pledged $10 million each toward the pedestrian bridge, with another $5 million recently contributed from the state’s capital budget.

Paris said that the $25 million in public money should help persuade corporations, foundations and other private donors to come forward with money for Public Square.

Coyne also said the city is considering helping the project with a TIF, or tax increment financing, based on value added to the Higbee Building by the recent addition of the Horseshoe Casino.

The school portion of the tax increase would not be diverted to Public Square, he said.

The Public Square project is first in line among the commission’s projects in part because the design has advanced beyond those of the other components.

Planning for the pedestrian walkway will await completion of a parking study intended to determine whether an additional garage is needed near North Coast Harbor, Coyne said.

Enhancements to the Mall can’t be designed until plans are completed for the county’s new convention center hotel.

Above all, backers of the Public Square effort want to avoid the fate of other plans for parks, trails and civic improvements that have moved slowly in recent years, creating a sense that the city can’t follow through on big ideas for public spaces.

“This is absolutely going to get done,” Coyne said. “I’ve seen too many things in this town not get done.”

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Turn your yard from thirsty to thrifty with these tips

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The latest in landscaping


As with any industry, the landscape industry works to keep up with popular trends over the years – from xeriscaping to hedges surrounding a property. Trends come and go, but the job of a landscape designer is to stay current with the latest.

Keeping up with trends, whether in landscaping or in fashion, makes for better appeal to the consumer. Improving your home’s landscaping offers a win-win for everyone involved – increased home values, increased outdoor activity and enhanced curb appeal that could help attract potential buyers.

A few of the trends for the coming year include:

Outdoor living

Taking the indoors out continues to be a craze within the landscaping industry. Homeowners want the additional space to entertain and have a place to unwind and relax. To accommodate this need, homeowners are having decks and patios installed.

The options are endless. What once were only natural stone patios, today’s manmade pavers have opened the doors to a wide array of choices, patterns and colors. These are also more economical. 

Cooking and entertaining

Outdoor kitchens continue to increase in popularity with homeowners. The choices for a homeowner range from a small, limited kitchen with a grill to an extensive fully functioning kitchen which includes cooking and refrigeration equipment.

Specialized hobbies have played a major part in making outdoor kitchens a mainstay in the landscaping world. Smoking and barbequing are sweeping the United States with the help of television and the Internet. People are taking up these hobbies and turning them into professions.

Extending use

Lives have become somewhat busy and chaotic for many families, leaving little time for them to enjoy their homes. By offering lighting choices and means of heating, the time to enjoy the yard can be extended into the night and longer in the season as well.

Landscape lighting is becoming a mainstay. Lights are used not only to illuminate walking paths, but are being used to accent specimen trees and architectural details of the home’s exterior. The efficiency and ease of installation has made landscape lighting more appealing to the average homeowner. While cost is still a factor, prices have come down over the years.

Homeowners are adding fire pits and fireplaces to their outdoors to ward off the chills of cool nights. Fire pits are an affordable option to add the beauty and warmth of fire, but if a person is planning to stay in their home for many years, a permanent outdoor fireplace will bring many years of enjoyment.


As millennials graduate from college and settle down in their first home, they are looking to be more self-sufficient. An addition to the homestead that is gaining momentum is raised garden beds, or incorporating edible plants and vegetables into the landscaping. Millennials want to leave the world a better place and choose to be more sustaining.

Raised garden beds help keep weeds to a minimum while also helping ward off some animals from destroying the garden. Raised gardens are ideal solutions in urban areas where space is limited. Even apartment dwellers can reap the benefits of a garden through container gardening.


Water features continue to grace the landscapes of many homes. While recent droughts have curbed the installation of large-scale ponds and waterfalls, newer, more water efficient water features, such as bubbling boulders or recirculating pumps, are taking the stage. These features use little water, but still offer the sound and sight of running water. The smaller water features are easily adaptable to any landscape.

Justin Enrietta is the operations manager and one of the landscape designers for Designer Landscapes, Inc., of Farmersville. He has recently joined the landscaping industry after a career in government and higher education. He has received education and training from Blackburn College, Carlinville, and Lincoln Land Community College.

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Britain’s Prince of Wales’ Gardening Tips in New Book

17 April 2014

Britain’s Prince of Wales’ gardening tips will be revealed in a new book.

‘Highgrove: A Garden Celebrated’ will take readers inside the gardens of Prince Charles and his wife Duchess Camilla’s country home in Gloucestershire, south west England and offer tips on how to recreate certain features, such as the Sundial and Carpet gardens, at their own homes.

The new book – which comes with photographs of the house and garden – is a joint project authored both by the Prince of Wales himself and landscape architect Bunny Guinness, who helped to build the gardens up from nothing.

The 65-year-old royal has spoken about the increasingly industrialised approach to gardening and farming and confessed he prefers more traditional methods.

He told the Daily Telegraph newspaper: “I minded terribly the more I though about things, the endless use of chemicals and in the long term felt that this was unsustainable.

“I wanted to restore lost habitats and plant lots of hedgerows and trees to heal the landscape.”

The heir-to-the-throne added that he will continue to dabble in his hobby until he is no longer able.

He said: “I have put my heart and soul into Highgrove and I will continue to do so while I can … My enduring hope is that those who visit the garden may find something to inspire, excite, fascinate or soothe them.”

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Start gardening with tips from the pros

Snow covered daffodils

An overnight freeze in late spring brought with it freezing rain and light snowfall. (Reece Alvarez)

Despite Tuesday night’s snow and frozen rain, spring has been on the books for three weeks, and Lewisboro residents can take advantage of this cold start to the season and begin their gardens right on time with a variety of tips from local garden centers. Whether you’re a veteran planter or a beginner in the back yard, advice about edible, sustainable gardening can help you get started this spring.

From the ground up

“The basic thing is that you want good soil; everything starts with good soil,” said Melissa Candela, manager of Gossett Brothers Nursery in South Salem.

Self-evident as that may be, it is often a pitfall for many first-time gardeners — soil quality is the most important aspect of any garden and the top recommendation from professional gardeners around Lewisboro. Vegetable and fruit plants in particular are nutrient-hungry crops, and come with a variety of preferences for soil composition, location and sunlight.

“To create good soil you want to add compost,” Ms. Candela said. “Food crops are very heavy feeders; they need very rich soil that has to be replenished each year.”

James Grant, owner of the Lewisboro Garden Center Inc. in Vista — Lewisboro’s oldest garden center, running for 38 years, according to him — had just one recommendation when it came to soil — Coast of Maine. The authentic organic soil company produces a wide variety of strictly controlled, top-quality soils that Mr. Grant said he stands by wholeheartedly.

The general consensus among local garden centers is that the low temperatures and late frosts have set the early growing season back by two weeks, leaving plenty of time for the procrastinating

hobbyist to get started with cold weather crops.

“We are a little bit late this ear,” Ms. Candela said. “Everything is a little bit late because March was one of the coldest in recent memory. Normally they tell you to put peas in St. Patrick’s Day; this year it was absolutely not possible to do that.”

For those who jumped at the first sign of spring to plant seeds and seedlings and have sprouted lettuces, for example, Ms. Candela said they can still be protected from the cold nights by lightly covering the plants with secured newspaper or other covering to insulate plants from the cold.

Crops and seasons

“For the early crops, the ones you could plant with chance of frost are cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, collards — anything that is a root vegetable like beets, onions, and you start now,” said Yolie Zeller of Evergreen Nurseries Florist in Katonah.

These crops do not like the heat and also take a long time to grow, with harvesting occurring at the end of the summer, in August and September, she said.

Tomatoes, one of the most popular crops, can also be tricky for first-time gardeners eager to seed their gardens. Tomatoes, like peppers, eggplant, string beans, and most herbs, should be planted after Mother’s Day, as there is less chance of frost, and these plants are sensitive to cold, Ms. Zeller said.

Mr. Grant noted that tomato growers are often eager to get ahead of the season and plant early, not knowing that a plant grown in fewer months under better weather will outperform a plant grown longer that experienced the early cold of spring.

Many plants come with preferences for sunlight, moisture and soil composition, and some even produce better when planted alongside certain crops, Ms. Candela said.

She recommends books like Square Foot Gardening and Carrots Love Tomatoes as good reference points, but adds that there is no teacher like experience.

“I think honestly in this case experience is the most important thing,” she said. “The rule of thumb is if you eat them together you can plant them together.”

Ms. Candela added for perspective that she herself is a self-taught gardener and former English professor who jumped the academic ship to work full-time at Gossett’s.

Quoting Barbara Damrosch, author of The Garden Primer, Ms. Candela said the key is to think like a plant.

“Where do cactus grow? They grow in the desert, so we are going to think about the conditions it likes and we are going to treat it that way,” she said.

Design and care

For some, the increased interest in growing locally produced, sustainable and organic foods is a luxury that has little connection to the time-strapped and largely well-off residents of the suburbs, but for Jennifer Cipriano, co-owner of Copia Home and Garden in Vista, it is anything but a flash in the pan, she said.

“A lot of people think it is just a fad or a trend — I don’t think so. The more people are reading about what goes on in their food and they are more concerned about their health, I think it is actually going to continue,” she said. “It is more than just a fad.”

Ms. Cipriano draws on her roots as a Cornell University graduate, and recommends that any new gardener take advantage of the affordable soil tests and support offered by the Cornell University Cooperative Extension (CUCE), which seeks to promote responsible agricultural land use throughout the state.

“They are wonderful. They keep track of the growing degree days, and they can guide you as to what they are seeing in terms of the weather and temperature,” she said. “We will send people there if they want to know what their soil is like, what their pH is and what their nutrient values are in the soil.”

Ms. Cipriano emphasized that for $10 anyone can send CUCE a soil sample which will come back with a thorough analysis and recommendation for improving soil quality.

“It is a great resource and everybody should know about it,” she said.

As with all of the garden centers in town, Ms. Cipriano recommended raised beds for beginners, as that means easier control over the soil quality, as well as starting with seedlings as opposed to seed.

Ms. Candela of Gossett’s added that raised beds are also significantly easier on a gardener’s backs for weeding and reducing pests.

Chicks and young chickens at Copia Home and Garden

Copia Home and Garden offers a variety of different breeds of chickens, which not only regularly produce eggs, but also make for great pets for children and adults alike, Ms. Cipriano said. (Reece Alvarez)

Both gardeners recommend weeding by hand and avoiding chemical weed killers at all costs. Ms. Candela warned that weeding is also a practice of vigilance, and that gardeners must not allow weeds to propagate, as they will quickly get out of hand.

From posh estate owners to backyard hobbyists, Ms. Cipriano has seen a burgeoning interest in edible gardening and

homesteading, particularly the raising of chickens for eggs, she said.

“Homesteading is a big thing. I think people are trying to get back to the basics,” she said. “They want to know what’s in their food.”

Both Copia and Gossett’s recently held demonstrations about backyard chicken raising, with Copia selling chicks and adolescent chickens right from its store.

“It is a perfect cycle,” Ms. Candela said. “You grow your vegetables, the trimmings go to the chickens, they make the eggs, produce manure, and it goes back in the garden. It is the essence of sustainable living.”

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Spring gardening smart shopping tips

Spring gardening smart shopping tips

Published 7:00am Thursday, April 17, 2014

By Eddie Smith

Guest Columnist 

Plant Shopping Tips

Garden centers and nurseries are full of plants right now. And hopefully, the weather is settling down a bit after the recent storms.

It is time to get out and purchase some new plants for your yard and garden. With that in mind, here are some plant shopping tips to assist with your selections.

Smart Shopping for Annuals

These are purchased for fast growing, long lasting flowers or foliage. It is important to select healthy plants that have bushy growth that fills the pot. Foliage should be an even green color without obvious disease spots or insect damage.

Even though it is tempting to purchase a plant in flower, in many cases, this should be avoided. A plant in flower, in some cases, has been fed a high nitrogen fertilizer to spur rapid growth and development—this can result in a plant that is a heavy feeder.

When these plants are transplanted into the garden and their high-maintenance diet is not maintained they can quickly lose vigor.

Look for plants that are just beginning to flower or are in bud. Sometimes plants are flowering because they have been in the pot too long and are too mature and leggy. These should be avoided, or if purchases, should be cut back to encourage densely branched new growth. Examples of these are verbena, marigold, salvia, and celosia. Continue pinching these plants to get that bushy plant with many flowering stems. Annuals like petunia and impatiens rarely have to be pinched to get bushy growth.

Smart Shopping for Perennials

These are purchased for their longevity in the garden and their season of attractiveness, whether that is foliage color or blooms.

Since these plants will be residing in your garden for years to come, selection of well-rooted plants with a good rosette of healthy foliage is important. Most perennials will not be flowering in the pot so you should be familiar with the mature height, width, bloom color and other characteristics of the plant before you make your selection.

Sometimes, this is all on the label, but it is a good idea to talk to the nurseryman or garden center help if you have questions about the performance or hardiness of these plants.

It is important to inspect the roots of perennial plants you are planning on buying. You may ask for permission to pop the plant out of the pot to examine the roots, or ask and employee to do it for you.

The roots should be a light tan or off white color and be plentiful, but not circling the root ball in a tight mat—this indicates the plant has been held to long in the pot and is pot bound. If you purchase a pot bound plant, before you plant, cut away the circling roots and tease the root ball apart to encourage growth of the new roots outward.


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5 Pet-friendly Gardening Tips

As the warmth of the season beckons us outdoors, many pet and plant lovers are caught in the crossroads — is it possible to intertwine a love for nature while meeting the needs of our beloved domestics? The short answer is yes — with a little bit of ingenuity! Here are spring’s top tips for gardening pet lovers.

1) Pet owners should choose fertilizers and mulches cautiously. Shop for organic, pet-friendly fertilizers and soil amendments. Be aware that many environmentally friendly fertilizers contain fish byproducts, blood meal and ground poultry feathers. These ingredients are very appealing to many dogs and may cause digestive upset if eaten in quantity. If possible, keep your pets away from newly fertilized beds and lawns until the product has dissolved. Alternatively, consider liquid fertilizers. When buying mulch, avoid cocoa mulch. It is toxic to pets and lethal if ingested in quantity. Choose root mulch, wood bark or gravel instead. My favorite? Pine bark mulch, in any form.

2) If you have a dog, consider his essential “dogness” — dogs like to course the perimeters of their territory, aka your yard. If your plantings run up to the edges of your property, they’re likely to get trampled. To prevent this frustration, keep or create an 18- to 36-inch pathway around the boundary of your property, especially if you plan to erect fencing.

3) Speaking of fencing, many dogs get quite frustrated when they can’t see out of their property to identify noises and passersby, which leads to digging and/or frustration barking. Often, dogs destroy garden beds or bark themselves into frenzy out of frustration and boredom.

If your containment system blocks your dog’s vision, consider a transparent window erected at eye level (your dog’s, that is). I use a PetPeek, which the kids love, too. A little porthole into the world outside and a non-planted path around the perimeter can keep everyone on the same page, landscape-wise.

4) Ever notice that your dog excavates your plantings days after you tucked them into the earth? Though maddening, your dog has paid you a high compliment. Ever mindful of your activities, he’s watching each handful of dirt you unearth. If he sees you gardening, he will soon mimic your technique.

As you begin to shape good canine garden habits, keep your dog inside while you tend your plants.

5) If your dog enjoys digging, he will likely always relish the feeling of the earth on his paws. If this is the case, you’ll need to provide a dog-friendly digging pit — a small area (think sandbox) filled with sand, dirt and/or pine mulch where you encourage him to “Go dig!” Do this during playtime to encourage his enthusiasm. If he stares at the digging pit and gives you the “huh?” face, try burying a bone, toy or treat and, if necessary, get down on your knees and dig with him!


It can be a little tricky to keep dogs out of garden beds. Take a few minutes to consider why your dog enters your planting area in the first place. Is he mimicking you? You’ll need to be more discrete when planting and pruning. Is it to eliminate or mark? That solution can be fairly simple, though it may take a week or two. Start by giving your dog his own area away from your tomatoes and prized tulips. Center his new elimination area around a physical structure or tree, or erect a decorative stone or even a faux fire hydrant. Take your dog to the new area on leash in the morning or when you take him out after a separation. Wait to offer your hugs and greetings until after he’s gone potty, and discourage your dog from going near your beds by calmly redirecting him on a long line should he venture near.

My last suggestion is to remember that your dog is as ecstatic about the spring thaw as you are. He is equally excited to get outside, stretch his legs and bask in the sun. As far as pets and plants go, play with your dog first to tire him out, and garden during your dog’s nap times.

Next article on gardening will cover boundary training — a creative, non-threatening technique to keep your pet out of the garden once and for all!

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Gardening Scotland’s Artisan Garden Design Competition winners named

By Sarah Cosgrove
Thursday, 17 April 2014

The inaugural winners of the Artisan Garden Design Competition held in advance of Gardening Scotland 2014 have been named.

Design for NSPCC Scotland's 'Garden of Childhood Adventure' designed by Louise Wakeling

Design for NSPCC Scotland’s ‘Garden of Childhood Adventure’ designed by Louise Wakeling

The three winning designs are a garden which highlights the work of the Perennial charity, another that will eventually flourish at a children’s hospice and a third that will encourage visitors to support the work of the NSPCC.

The winning designs will be created at the national gardening and outdoor living show, which takes place from May 30 until June 1 at The Royal Highland Centre Edinburgh.

The teams behind the submissions have each been awarded £2,000 to help them turn their plans into flower-filled show gardens, which will be seen by more than 35,000 visitors at this year’s event.

The winners include husband-and-wife design team, Amber and Martin Crowley from Oban with the ‘Perennial Garden’, Dundee College with ‘The Retreat’ for CHAS and SRUC Ayr for NSPCC Scotland’s Garden of Childhood Adventure.’

Waterfalls, banana trees and giant steel arum lilies are amongst the elements that will feature in the gardens, which will be on display with 10 others in the David Wilson Homes Show Garden Avenue.

The award has been developed in order to encourage designers to create exhibits that reflect real gardens and it is being supported by The Cross Trust, a charitable body, which also administers the annual John Fife Travel Award for young horticulturists.  The Artisan Garden Design Competition is further supported by Gardening Scotland’s own Fred Last Award programme and by members of the former Lothian Horticultural Training Group.

Gardening Scotland show organiser Martin Dare said: “The feedback from our visitors has been that they want to see gardens that they could conceivably create at home and while the designs for the winning gardens are exceptional, they are all on a domestic scale and are full of features that will delight and inspire those who see them.”

In total, 12 gardens will be created in the David Wilson Homes Show Gardens Avenue at the event and, as well as show gardens, the national gardening and outdoor living show will also hosts the biggest plant fair in Scotland in the New Hopetoun Gardens Floral Hall and gardening advice from the Royal Caledonian Horticultural Society and the RHS.

More than 400 exhibitors are expected.

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